开心e网欢迎您! 小学作文 高中作文 记叙文 说明文 演讲稿 英语作文 作文素材 爱情文学 实习报告 实用文体 论文指导 合同范本
初中作文 高考作文 读后感 议论文 广播稿 话题作文 写作技巧 父母必读 公文写作 思想汇报 个人简历 工作总结
首页 > 说明文
说明文范文赏析 1
作者: 发布时间:2007-05-09 来源:应用文写作网

说明文是对事情的发生,发展,结果,特征,性质,状态,功能等进行解释,介绍,阐述的一种文体.这类文章的目的和性质是客观地介绍,解释事物,使读者获得知识和信息,并不需要发表主张,

做出证明.一般说来,知识简介,商品介绍,旅游指南,科技读物,工作总结,实验报告,教材辅导等均属说明文之列.
写说明文,可以按时间,空间,结构,逻辑顺序来写,也可以采取举例,比较,对比,分类,分析,说明,叙述等方法.
1.比较对照
比较对照有两种,一是逐点比较,二是整块比较,即AB交错或先A后B:
1)逐点比较:多数人认为这种AB交错的方式可以避免行文的单调沉闷,对比的效果更鲜明突出.如:There are basic differences between large and small enterprises. In a small enterprise, you operated mainly through personal contacts. In a large enterprise, you have established "policies" , "channels" of organization, and fairly strict procedure. In the small enterprise you have immediate effectiveness in a very small area. You can see the effect of your work and of your decisions ground. In the large organization you are normally taught one thing thoroughly. In the small one the danger is of becoming a Jack-of-all-trades-but-master-of-none. In the large it is of becoming the man who knows more and more about less and less.
2) 整块比较
It is easy to be a winner. A winner can show his joy publicly. He can laugh and sing and dance and celebrate his victory. People love to be with winners. Winners are never lonely. Unlike winners, losers are the lonely ones of the world. It is difficult to face defeat with dignity. Losers can not show their disappointment publicly. They can not cry or grieve about their defeat. They may suffer privately, but they must be composed in public. They have nothing to celebrate and no one to share their sadness.
2.分类
分类是人类认识客观世界的重要手段之一,也是描写事物,解释观点最有效的方式之一.通过将一事物分类,可使复杂事物变得清晰明了,便于作者阐述自己的观点.
分类段落的各类排列要条理,可采用从主要到次要,从次要到主要,从多到少或从少到多等方式排列,亦可平行排列.如:
1) As far as political views are concerned, people fall into three categories. First are the conservative people. Conservatives are opposed to sudden or great changes. Second are the liberal people.These people are in favor of progress and reform. But their opinions often seem to idealistic. The third type is the moderate people. The moderates keep everything within reasonable limits. They are more practical in this hard world. In my opinion, most people seem to belong to this group.
本段采用平行排列的方式,按人的政治观点分为三类:保守,自由和温和.
2) These are several reasons why I decided tom attend Bingston University . First of all, the tuition is reasonable. Secondly, the university has a deferred payment plan., which lessons the load of peasant families like mine. Another reason is that Bingston has the finest teachers in its graduate program. My chief reason, however, is Bingston's program in agriculture, my chosen field, which is recognized as the leader in this area.
该段采用主次排列的方式,分析了作者决定上Bingston大学的原因.
3) According to Mr. Li, the fifteen students of his class fall into three groups. Seven of them work hard and study well. They always get good marks in examinations and are often praised by the teachers. Li calls them "good students". The monitor, the secretary of the Youth League, and the captain of the class volleyball team, are quick in finding out what their fellow students are interested in or what they should do as a collective. They always organize proper activities at the proper time. So Li calls them "good organizers". Four other students are very kind to their classmates, always ready

  
加入收藏】【关闭
※ 相关信息
·说明文范文赏析 2
·说明文范例----公益广告的影响
·说明文范例---食盐
·说明文范例---食盐
·说明文写作入格篇(四)
·说明文写作入格篇(三)
·说明文写作入格篇(二)
·说明文写作入格篇(一)
·[试题检测]科技说明文阅读练习
·动物说明文范文之三
※ 赞助商链接
发表评论
用户名: 密码:
验证码: 匿名发表
 搜索作文
 最新作文
·谦让作文 -六年级范文600字
·谦让作文 -初二作文800字(
·大海的作文 -中学写作700字
·大海的作文 -读书写作300字
·拜年作文 -初三写作300字(
·收获的作文 -高一写作800字
·心事作文 -三年级作文500字
·心事作文 -读书范文300字(
·感人的故事作文 -初中文章
·童年的趣事作文 -五年级范
·感人的故事作文 -初三范文
·责任作文 -四年级写作400字
 热门作文 
·动物说明文范文之三
·动物说明文范文之二
·说明文范文赏析 1
·吸烟有害健康
·说明文范文赏析 2
·我的家庭
·动物说明文范文之一
·蜜蜂
·
·说明文范例---食盐
·
·萝卜:廉价的人参
网站留言关于我们 网站地图
Copyright © 2010-2017 开心e网 All Rights Reserved